Her Life Stories
- Born in Troubled Times
- Born in Lhasa
- Childhood Memories
- The Best of the Best
- A Civil Servant
- Traveling to Tibet as Ordered
- A Long Journey with a Mission
- A Trip of Life and Death
- Meeting with the 13th Dalai Lama
- Investigation and Liaison
- Dangerous Yet Triumphant Return
- Devotion for National Salvation
- Publicity Campaign for Anti-Japanese War
- Endless Nostalgia
- Passing Away at an Early Age
Related Historical Literature
Dangerous Yet Triumphant Return
In July 1930, Liu Manqing returned to Nanjing through India. On her way back, after tricking British customs officers and escaping their interrogation, fighting a battle of wits in India, and suffering hardships at sea, she finally delivered the letter and gifts from the 13th Dalai Lama to Chiang Kai-shek in Nanjing. As a result, she was honored by the National Government and welcomed warmly by people from all walks of life.
Before Liu Manqing left Tibet for Nanjing, the Dalai Lama initially sent Xiasu, the regimental commander, to escort her;however, Xiasu refused on the pretext of being occupied with too many social activities and instead made special arrangements for his trusted man Cidianla to act as escort. On the way back, she not only coped intelligently with Indian officials but also took the opportunity to observe the British base camp in Gyangze,which had been set up specifically to invade Tibet.From here, she became acutely aware of the potential danger.
As she left Tibet, she stayed at a roadside inn. Fearing that someone might poison her food, she asked the innkeeper to test a little first before each meal. In Zongtaba, Indian officers asked Liu Manqing for her passport. In Kalimpong, she was asked about her visit to Tibet and her interview with the Dalai Lama. General news reporters and people from all walks of life, including the military and political administration, came but she refused to speak with them,using the excuse of illness.
When Liu Manqing reached the Consulate General in Calcutta, Consul General Lu Chunfang advised her on how to keep the official document safe. At a reception hosted by the Consulate General, Lu Chunfang and Liu Manqing successfully cooperated to cope with the British. Laden La also made a special trip from Darjeeling, only to make trouble. By virtue of her wits and courage when facing the customs officers of the British Raj, the important official document was prevented from being opened.
Liu Manqing returned from India on the ship This Life. During a storm, she almost fell into the sea. During those three days at sea, she ate nothing, and the pain she felt was no less than she had experienced when riding over the snow-covered mountains on her journey to Tibet.
On July 25, 1930, Liu Manqing had only just set foot in Shanghai when the Head of Civil Service, Gu Yingfen, reported the news of her return to Chiang Kai-shek, who was in Guide, Henan. On that same day, the National Government prepared a certificate of merit for Liu Manqing and Gandain Jamcan, which was issued on July 26 after being signed by Gu Yingfen in place of Chiang Kai-shek. The certificate was specifically marked “Not for public viewing.”
On July 27, 1930, Liu Manqing returned to Nanjing. First, she visited Gu Yingfen and presented the reply letter and gifts from the Dalai Lama. Next, she expatiated on the details of her trip and the situation in Tibet, for which she was praised highly. She then presented a report in person at the state conference,for which she was highly valued by the participant officials. On July 28, 1930, by order of the Civil Service of the National Government, Liu Manqing was appointed as a section member of the Civil Service of the National Government, and Gandain Jamcan was appointed as second-class clerk.
After Liu Manqing’s return to Nanjing, she began to write her book, A Mission to Xikang and Tibet. In the summer of 1931, she entrusted her book to the Commercial Press in Shanghai for publishing; in January 1932, when the books had been printed and bound and were ready for distribution, they were destroyed in a Japanese bombing. Fortunately, the original manuscript was found in the ashes and the handwriting was still legible;less fortunately, over 30 inscriptions by Chiang Kai-shek and other personages and celebrities were burned. In 1933, Liu Manqing’s book was reprinted.
Sun Fo, President of the Executive Yuan at that time, wrote the following comment in the preface to her book A Mission to Xikang and Tibet:“Compared with Zhang Qian and Ban Chao, who were sent on a mission to the western region in the Han dynasty, Liu Manqing was truly no inferior, with her unparalleled outstanding achievements on this visit to the border area by order of the government. Her deeds are exemplary and deserve to be widely eulogized.”